[UKUUG Logo] Copyright © 1995-2004 UKUUG Ltd


news@UK 4.6

The Newsletter of the UK UNIX Users Group.
Volume 4 Number 6 (December 1995)


Editor's Column

(Susan Small)

I hope that I will see some of you at the York conference. This will give me an opportunity to hear from you first hand what you think about the newsletter. I'll also be on the look-out for contributors. May I take this opportunity to thank everyone who contributed to the newsletter this year - you are the lifeblood of the newsletter and I am grateful for your efforts.

Report from the Chair

(Mick Farmer)

As 1995 draws to a close, your Council has been busy preparing for the computer system at Owles Hall to finally connect to the Internet. As the UK user group for UNIX and Open Systems, until recently (i.e this week :-) we have felt embarrassed that our only link has been an old UUCP one! Now that is about to change. In conjunction with EurOpen and SUKUG, who share the secretarial services of Owles Hall, some new Sun hardware has been installed, together with an ISDN link to our service provider. We expect to be on-line by the end of the year. Once our link is established, the UKUUG will offer a number of new network services.

Mailbox for life

We intend to offer every member of the UKUUG a fixed e-mail address of the form a.other@ukuug.org. For those of you with existing mailboxes, this will be a simple alias, although you can change this at any time; so if you move from one location to another, your e-mail address remains constant. For those of you without existing e-mail facilities, we will provide you with an easy way to read your mail at Owles Hall.

Web pages

We intend to offer every member of the UKUUG a WWW home page at Owles Hall under the ukuug.org hierarchy. For those of you with existing home pages, this can be a simple re- direction. For those of you without WWW facilities, we intend to offer ½MB of WWW pages without charge. Of course, this assumes you remain a member of the UKUUG!


I am sorry to report that Jim Reid has resigned from the UKUUG Council because he disagreed with the way networking access for Owles Hall is being organised. Jim has been offered the opportunity to state his views. Jim has worked hard for the UKUUG in many areas and I, for one, will be sorry to see him go from your Council. Hopefully, his forthright approach will still be seen at our conferences and workshops. However, this leaves us with a vacancy on Council. If you know someone who wants to contribute to the group by offering their services (it could be you :-) then let us know immediately.

Winter Conference

I'm glad to report that the programme committee has put together what looks like an extremely stimulating collection of papers for our Winter Conference in York on 19-20 December 1995. Together with BOFs on Linux and Plan 9, I think you'll agree that the committee has included something for everyone in this Mobile Computing event. You'll find further information elsewhere in this issue and there's an on- line booking form that's reachable from our UKUUG home page. So, don't delay. Book your place today!

Security Workshop

Rik Farrow is repeating his wildly successful three-day Security Workshop in London on 10-12 January 1996. This event was sold out last January and your secretariat was turning people away or suggesting that they attend the Copenhagen leg! We've booked a slightly larger venue this time (though Rik likes to keep his audiences small so that he can answer the delegates' questions individually) but we still expect the event to be over-subscribed once again. You'll find further information elsewhere in this issue and there's an on-line booking form that's reachable from our home page. So, book your place today. Don't delay!

Here's to 1996

It's the time of year for me to wish all our members a Merry Christmas and a Prosperous and Happy New Year. We're very excited about our plans for the new year and hope that you will be also. On behalf of everyone involved in the running of the UKUUG may I wish you a Happy New Year and all the best for your endeavours in 1996. See you there!

News from Owles Hall

(Jane Morrison) The Group's most recent event, John S. Quarterman's Tutorial, "The Matrix Today & the Internet Tomorrow", was very successful at the London venue, although not so well attended in Edinburgh. The venue in London, the Bank of England, was very impressive and, reading through the returned questionnaires, both the venue and the Tutorial were very well received by all those present. It is a shame that the Edinburgh Tutorial was not better attended, perhaps we just chose the wrong day?

You should have received by now all the information and booking form for the next event: "Anytime Anywhere - Location Independent Computing" at the University of York on 19 and 20 December. In organising this event, we have listened to your comments and allowed time for delegates to meet and have further discussions after the presentations before enjoying the special Conference Dinner "A Taste of Yorkshire".

Hopefully with this Newsletter you should receive the information and bookings booklet for the Rik Farrow Seminar: "Advanced UNIX & Internet Security" on 10-12 January 1996. This is the second time we have run this Seminar - it was enormously successful in January of this year and hopefully it will be the same in 1996. Early booking is essential as last year we had to turn quite a few people away because demand exceeded our expectations.

This event is organised jointly by UKUUG and EurOpen, and has been successfully held in Stockholm, Budapest and Copenhagen. EurOpen hopes to offer the event in The Netherlands and possibly Iceland in the Autumn of 1996.

As UKUUG is an affiliated sponsor member of EurOpen (European Forum for Open Systems) it has the chance to co-organise these types of joint events. This gives you the opportunity of attending more events not only in the UK but also in Europe. The next EurOpen event "Publishing on the Internet" will be held in Zurich on 29 and 30 January and in Stockholm on 31 January and 1 February - again full details should be in this mailing.

On the subject of EurOpen, you should receive any time now the 3rd Issue of their Quarterly Newsletter - EurOpen Quarterly - we did ask for your feedback on this publication before, but I can't recall receiving anything. We would be very interested to know if you like it, hate it, whatever.

I trust you have received the new Book List for the O'Reilly publications. Please remember even if the book does not appear on the list we may still be able to obtain it. Don't hesitate to ring me and I'll investigate.

Owles Hall is about to get its Internet connection! Andrew Macpherson has been organising this on behalf of your Council and I'm sure it is mentioned elsewhere in this edition. We're all a little apprehensive here at OH but looking forward to connection day....

The next Council meeting will be held in York, during the Conference, and will be the first face to face meeting since June.

1996 subscriptions ..... the invoices will go out early in January, your prompt payment would be much appreciated.

Well, as this is the December Newsletter, may I wish you all compliments of the season and a peaceful New Year.

UNIX Gurus Wanted!

The recruitment agency Aerotek are in urgent need of UNIX consultants.

Currently they have a vacancy for a consultant well- versed in all aspects of system administration, change management and upgrade strategy with particular reference to HPUNIX version 9 and preferably version 10. This is based in a major international company and they are looking for a contract of six months or more.

If you are interested in this post, or any other positions that may be available, please ring Peter Walfisz or Mike Allen on 01753 775566.


The Future Does Not Compute - Transcending the Machine in Our Midst

Stephen L. Talbott
O'Reilly & Associates Inc. 479pp
ISBN 1-56592-085-6

(Reviewed by Lindsay F Marshall)

Part 2

In the last instalment of this review your hero was left floundering in a sea of words trying valiantly to stay afloat. Now read on...

OK, I confess. I gave up. I tried. I really tried, but I simply could not read this book. I've read Ulysses. I've read OS/360 Principles of Operation, I've even read the Fortran IV standard. Give me hex dumps any day they are much easier on the brain. As promised I read on but it was hard, I was bored and then I read the review in UK Wired and their reviewer stopped at page 17. And I thought "Sod it" and I stopped too.

The real problem is that I cannot pin exactly why the book is so awful. The writing is OK - he doesnt split infinitives for a start - though there does seem to be a lot of verbiage. But slightly philosophical books like this often suffer from this problem. I even have some sympathy with the arguments Talbott is putting forward - there is a lot of nonsense talked about the liberating aspects of computers and, to answer one of the questions on the book's jacket, yes, the rush to put schools on the Internet is just a fad. The ideas in the book are influenced heavily by those of Owen Barfield, who has his own line in incomprehensibility judging from the appendix describing his work. Barfield was a friend of Rudolph Steiner and Talbott is strongly influenced by Steiner's thought. He sends his children to a Steiner School. Now, Steiner is a crank's crank, but again that's OK by me and many of his ideas seem sound, if not taken to extremes. And this is, I think, the problem with the book - it over argues its case. The same arguments are repeated over and over in slightly different contexts and it just gets wearing. And I got worn down. And stopped.

Should you read it? Well, the author does have something relevant to say and if you are interested in how computers affect our lives and can be bothered, then you probably ought at least to dip into it. Certainly I will be chasing up some of the references, as Talbott seems to have read a completely different set of books to me and many of his sources seem interesting.

Inside the back cover it says "After reading The future Does not Compute, you will never be able to sit in front of your computer with quite the same glazed stare." This is mainly because the glazed stare induced by reading it could never be matched by a mere machine.

Lindsay Marshall is a lecturer in the Department of Computing Science at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. He has some UNIX DECtapes and a paper tape machine in his office.

Using csh & tcsh

Paul DuBois
O'Reilly & Associates Inc. 221pp
ISBN 1-56592-132-1

(Reviewed by Keith Mannock)

The problem with any book that addresses a piece of software, such as a UNIX command interpreter, is that the author has to walk the fine line of not merely repeating the manual pages and/or user documentation. This requires clear thought about the intended audience for the text and their differing requirements. The author states that this text is intended for three groups of reader:

These are widely varying groups and it is to the author's credit that, by and large, the demands of these differing audiences are met.

For those unfamiliar with the tcsh it is an enhanced version of the C-shell providing command line editing, spelling correction, and programmable, file, command, and user name completion. The book avoids the pitfall of entering into the "which is the best" shell debate (eg bash/sh/ksh/csh/tcsh etc) and concentrates on clearly presenting the syntax and usage of the various features of both shells. The text is obviously intended to be for the interactive shell user and, as such, does not cover any aspects of shell programming other than the essentially trivial (eg using a "foreach" loop to process command arguments). This seems to be a sensible decision by the author as there already exist several well written, and expansive texts on shell programming (whether it be C, Korn, or Bourne shell).

The book is divided into three main Parts, of which the first two provide the tutorial material and the third part provides the reference material. Part I concentrates on the basics of the shell and covers the material that is common to both the C-shell and tcsh. These chapters are presented in a thoroughly professional manner (as is the rest of the book) but this type of content is common to many introductory UNIX texts. What takes this text out of the mundane and onto the near essential reading list is Part II.

Part II covers a wide variety of topics from shell startup files through command history, to command-line editing in the tcsh, to programmed filename completion in the tcsh. This material is presented in a clear and logical manner, each topic leading cleanly into the next. I initially had my doubts about the intermixing of tcsh and csh features, but as the tcsh is almost entirely upward compatible with the csh, this causes few (if any) problems. The sections covering startup files, terminal setup and aliases are all competently presented and the section on command history manipulation is clear and concise (unlike some texts which come to mind).

One of the sections that most caught my attention was the "filename and programmed completion" topic which describes the way the extended completion mechanism in the tcsh can be customised to provide faster, and less ambiguous, command line completion. Basically, the tsch extends the filename completion provided in the csh by allowing command and user name completion. The author clearly indicates how you can limit the type of completion that occurs in a particular situation. There are several tips here that can immediately be applied by the tcsh user to ease this annoying area.

The section on "displaying your location in the window title" is a little disappointing because, whilst the author describes how to achieve this in xterm, hpterm, and even telnet for the Macintosh, he does not consider the SUN cmdtool. I only mention this because there are several problems with using the tcsh with the cmdtool, due to the editing which the cmdtool provides interfering with the tcsh. This point in the text might not have been the most appropriate place for this problem to have been tackled, but it might have been nice if it had been mentioned.

Part III of the book concentrates on the reference materials necessary to use the csh and tcsh (eg quick reference guides, etc). Whilst this information is available from other sources (user documentation, etc) it is highly convenient to have it all collected in one place. A pleasing aspect is including sections on obtaining and installing the tcsh, not something that you would normally expect in a tutorial text of this type. (Which reminded this reviewer to upgrade his version of the tcsh!)

The difficulty with a text of this nature is trying to find the right level of presentation for your intended audience. Many authors fall into the trap of almost presenting an introduction to UNIX rather than concentrating on the command interpreter in itself. Paul DuBois occasionally lapses in this respect (in the early chapters involving basic UNIX commands and in one of the later chapters concerning file systems) but, by and large, he manages to successfully navigate this awkward path. There are some strange idiosyncrasies with the content, an example of which is the way the author suggests that the user checks the value of environment variables; but this is just a mere quibble in an otherwise excellent presentation.

Whilst there are several texts which provide a tutorial introduction to the C-shell the coverage of the C-shell extension, the tcsh, is highly limited. As such this text is a welcome addition to the (rapidly) growing list of O'Reilly "Nutshell" titles. The few minor mistakes that exist in the text are dutifully corrected in the online World Wide Web pages. I would have no hesitation in recommending this text to anyone wishing to learn the C-shell, and hopefully lead them to the tcsh (for a much easier life).

Keith Mannock is a lecturer in the Department of Computer Science at Birkbeck College, University of London.

Essential System Administration (2nd Edition)

Aeleen Frisch
O'Reilly & Associates Inc. 758pp
ISBN 1-56592-127-5

(Reviewed by Jon Lacey)

For anyone who has not seen or read the first edition of this text it is an excellent purchase, for those who have a copy of the earlier book this one is still worth buying as it is a complete rewrite of the original. Aeleen Frisch has hit on a real winner with this book as it has been termed the definitive practical guide for UNIX system administrators since its inception (October 1991). This second edition improves and expands on that already winning formula to give a larger format with over 700 pages of tips and solutions to the problems of administration on a UNIX system, be it on huge global networks or stand-alone single-user machines.

With the growth in use of Linux (The free UNIX-like operating system) there are a lot of individual users running a *NIX system who have no formal knowledge of any UNIX O/S commands or administration procedures. Although this text does not set out to teach the reader the UNIX O/S it does help to alleviate the torture of setting up a system for optimal use.

The first three chapters provide essential background material such as, the general principles of system administration, the UNIX way of tackling operating system functions; file ownership, protection and privileges and the essential administrative tools; finding files, repeating commands, comparing and deleting problem files, such as those starting with a dash (-filename) and those with an embedded space (file name).

The remaining chapters, thirteen of them, generally focus on a single administrative area such as startup and shutdown, security, managing resources and printers and the spooling system.

There is a chapter on TCP/IP network management which, while not providing a detailed explanation of TCP/IP or NFS, gives a thorough grounding in UNIX networking capabilities. This should suffice to enable one to configure and manage a Local Area Network.

File systems and disks have a chapter devoted to them which informs the reader how to mount and check the integrity of file systems, how to add new disks to a system and how to access a DOS file system from within UNIX.

There are chapters on backup and restore which tell us how to plan for disasters as well as everyday needs. Included here are details of how to backup and restore, the available backup utilities, recognised backup strategies, the different available types of backup media and which to use. The chapter on Terminals and modems covers terminal-related special files, adding new devices, troubleshooting terminal problems and controlling access to serial lines, and electronic mail. There is very brief, but informative, information on setting up mail configuration files.

Amongst the Appendices are: Bourne shell programming, which gives the basics needed to write scripts to automate repetitive tasks; selecting and installing a Linux system, which gives minimal details on the various distributions and how to install them; and a bibliography that details many books that specialise on system administration and its related subjects.

All in all a must-have for anyone seriously wanting to use and control a UNIX system to its fullest extent.

Jon Lacey is an Open University student who in his spare time (not much of that, let me tell you) is trying to teach himself how to use the *NIX operating system so he can get a decent job in the big bad world of computing.

Applying RCS and SCCS

Don Bolinger and Tan Bronson
O'Reilly & Associates Inc. 501pp
ISBN 1-56592-117-8

(Reviewed by Lindsay F Marshall)

Recently the standard of O'Reilly books seems to have been slipping. At least from the point of view of solid, practical, technical content which is what I associate them with. This book is a welcome return to their roots. Well away from quiche-eating stuff about Networks and such like, this is an excellent, in-depth account of how to get the best out of the RCS and SCCS source code control systems. I immediately found it useful as I don't have the RCS manual pages installed and always forget what all the options do!

The book starts by discussing simple source control and how to structure revision trees, moves onto release mechanisms, working with multiple developers and finally on to how to use RCS and SCCS to help with fullblown project control. I learnt a lot and got some good ideas from reading all this. Highlights were certainly the revision tree material as I always get this wrong and the chapter on Makefile support for project control which has some solid advice on what should go into a good makefile. There is also a useful chapter on various tools that have been layered on top of the systems to make project control easier. To cap it all there are detailed appendices covering the options to the programs and some of their internal algorithms.

As usual with O'Reilly books the presentation is excellent. I particularly like the choice of the Garamond family for the type. The text is clear and easy to read. I can highly recommend this volume to anyone who currently uses or is thinking about using RCS or SCCS. It has certainly made me more adventurous and productive in my use of source control.

Website Directory

Graham Smith has designed a web site at De Montfort University which is intended to be a pointer as to the different styles of Web Pages (for those who are learning how to write their own) and also a little instructive as to things related to Project Management and Information Privacy.
Project Management (newspaper-style page).
Information Privacy (use of a background).
Wakebourne (use of icons).
Kellogg announce the launch of its first home page and a first for the cereal category. It will be hosted by the company's Rice Krispies spokescharacters, Snap! Crackle! and Pop!. From the foyer, Snap! Crackle! and Pop! direct users to the rec room, lounge and kitchen where each character hosts a different room. Bold colors and graphics invite the users to visit the rec room for downloadable commercials and audio clips, and a Snap! Crackle! Pop! screensaver.
Russia/Eastern Europe: A staggering compendium, often overwhelming, plus a don't-miss Albanian Home Page with photo tours of its cities.
China: Pretty, wide-ranging, and densely-packed.
European Commission: Definitive answers to such mysteries as the rumour that the European Commission forces fishermen to wear hairnets while at sea, and much more. Elegantly designed and informative, a service of the EC.
Economist Jokes: After a hard day of Internet surfing, at last some comic relief. Recent sample: numerous variations on the question, "If an economist and an Inland Revenue officer were both drowning and you could save only one of them, would you go to lunch or read the paper?"

Around Europe

EurOpen Governing Board

EurOpen held its six-monthly Governing Board meeting in Amsterdam on 25-26 November with Mick Farmer representing the UKUUG (Andrew Macpherson was present as EurOpen Treasurer). Unfortunately our new Treasurer, Ivan Gleeson, could not make the meeting. Saturday afternoon, 25 November, was taken up with reports on activities over the previous six months and proposals for future activities. Highlights were:

Sunday morning, 26 November, was taken up with discussions on our future activities: The next Governing Board Meeting will be held on 8-9 June 1996 in Prague, immediately before the COSE/CDE event (see above).

New Products

O'Reilly & Associates' Website 1.1 Upgrade

O'Reilly & Associates have announced the forthcoming release of their 1.1 upgrade to WebSite(TM), a 32-bit multi-threaded World Wide Web server for Windows NT and 95. WebSite 1.1 will ship in January 1996.

WebSite 1.1 is the first upgrade to WebSite 1.0. It includes numerous new features such the HotDog HTML editor; multiple search indexes; HTML-3 support; Server Side Includes (SSI); easy Windows 95-type installation; and Visual Basic 4 framework for Common Gateway Interface (CGI). WebSite 1.1 also includes a detailed 400-page book, "Building Your Own WebSite," with complete documentation of the new features.

The WebSite development team has created new features and made significant improvements to many existing WebSite features. "Our users asked for power and simplicity," said Gina Blaber, Director of the Software Products Group for O'Reilly & Associates. "The new wizards, the HotDog editor, and the completely graphical interface please our novice users. Advanced users appreciate the CGI Visual Basic 4 framework, integrated support for virtual servers, and automated access control."

Upgrade Program

O'Reilly & Associates has announced a special upgrade program for current users. The list price of WebSite 1.1 is $499, the same price as WebSite 1.0. For customers who have purchased WebSite 1.0 before 1 October 1995, the upgrade price for WebSite 1.1 is $55 (shipping is free in U.S. only). For customers who purchase and register as WebSite 1.0 users on or after 1 October 1995, the upgrade to WebSite 1.1 is free (shipping is free in U.S. only).

New Features

WebSite 1.1 includes several outstanding new features. HotDog Standard is an HTML editor that supports text formatting, linkbuilding, tables, and forms. It contains an online tutorial covering all its main features. With Server Side Includes (SSI), the user can combine static and programmed documents on-the-fly, so common document components are easier to maintain. Users can create multiple indexes for their web. WebFind's new wizard lets the user specify Find options available to people searching the site. Users can print a schematic view of their web contents and links using WebView.

WebSite 1.1 builds upon WebSite's well-known CGI. The upgraded product supports a Visual Basic 4 framework (CGI32.BAS) with sample applications. This full 32-bit CGI program capability significantly improves the speed and efficiency of working with spreadsheets, databases, and other programs. WebSite 1.1 also supports server-push applications. The product has a new graphical interface for creating virtual servers (also known as multihoming or creating multiple home pages). This makes it easy for users to set multiple IP addresses, assign hostnames and URL prefixes, and keep track of each identity. Other improvements include expanded logging capabilities, support for HTML-2, -3, and Netscape extensions, and the new Mosaic 2.1 Web browser.

From the Net

First Airline To Launch Book-and-pay System On The Net

British Midland Airline will be the world's first airline to launch a book-and-pay system on the Internet, starting 11 December 1995.

The UK's second biggest scheduled airline said its Cyberseat service will give direct access to schedules, allow people to book their flight and pay by credit card, collecting their ticket at the airport check-in counter, the travel agent or by post.

The airline said the service will allow payment as well as booking and would ensure "maximum possible security" for credit card details because such information would pass through the system in encrypted format.

Internet Will Become More Interactive In Future

The Internet's World Wide Web, which is a revolution in the computer industry, will become more interactive by next year, industry executives said.

John McCarthy, a Forrester Research analyst, at a Forrester conference said "Today's dead web is static, broadcast, dull and stand-alone", but he sees the Web becoming "the World Wide Transaction Web in 1998."

The number of companies jumping in to develop a presence in Internet is exploding and there are currently over 100,000 Web sites, up from 5,000 in 1994. Now the next step is more interaction with the customers. Holiday Inn's two Web sites are examples of a more interactive future, and where some electronic commerce is taking place.

Holiday Inn uses virtual reality software to let consumers walk into a sample room. Customers can also make reservations for rooms anywhere in the world over the Internet, and credit cards are being used. The company is getting an average of 250,000 visitors to both of its sites per week.

There are a number of small start up companies which are developing software for more customised services, such as in the banking industry, to help customers access account information, from a bank's Web site and quickly create their own personal page.

Oracle Corp and Sybase Inc will also play a significant role in future interactivity, with Web sites connecting to specific databases and fetching specific requests.

Sun Microsystems Inc's Java language and its HotJava browser technology, will let programmers easily add live video and audio to Web sites. "Java will allow applications to become much more interactive," said Marc Andressen, a co-founder of Netscape Communications Corp.

Netscape is using Sun's Java language in future versions of the Netscape Navigator. Start-up companies working in the area of video, such as DVO Corp, or audio, such as Real Audio, will help enhance the World Wide Web, in the not so distant future.

Hong Kong Firm Plans For Commercial Interactive TV

Hong Kong Telecommunications Ltd, controlled by Cable & Wireless PLC of Britain, expects to offer the world's first commercial interactive television service.

"We will be the first company in the world to provide interactive multimedia on a commercial basis," Mr. Cheung, chief executive of Hong Kong Telecom said. Hong Kong Telecom planned to invest more than 10 billion Hong Kong dollars in interactive multimedia over the next decade.

The service will initially include video-on-demand, home shopping, and eventually home banking and interactive games. Business partners include banks such as Citicorp, Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corp and Bank of China Group, as well as media companies like Walt Disney Co. and News Corp's Star TV Network.

According to the company, the market trial of video-on-demand with 400 households was "a great success". Each household spent about HK$30 to HK$50 a week on the service. That's more than the HK$20 to HK$30 they spent weekly renting videos, but only half what some analysts figure households would have to spend for interactive TV to make commercial sense.

Why Has Japan Been Bypassed On The Information Superhighway?

Japan may be generally thought of as a leader in information technology, but it is lagging far behind when it comes to diffusion and use of the Internet. This is becoming such a big issue in Japan that some books even carry titles like "The Threat of the Superhighway: The Danger of the Annihilation Facing the Japanese Information Industry." One reason for this is language - more than 90% of communication on the Internet is in English, and Japanese is not easy to use on the Internet. Another reason is culture: the free opinion exchange on the Internet conflicts with the culture of hierarchy and control of power in social as well as corporate settings in Japan. This factor may also apply to other Asian countries.

(The Independent, Britain; November 20, 1995)

Internet Banking Poses Challenges To Financial Institutions

The largest financial institutions in the world have invested tens of billions of dollars in a distribution method that may not be relevant five years from now, according to Colin Davies of Andersen Consulting Canada. Tiny Toronto-based Bayshore Trust, which opened for business on the Internet on October 24, typifies a departure from alternative distribution systems which until recently were limited to telephone banking subsidiaries, such as those created by Huntington Bancshares in the U.S., Midland Bank in Britain, and Banque Paribas in France. Bankers may be currently backing away from online systems because they are not sure which horse to back - the Internet, the Microsoft network, proprietary networks of phone companies, or some other technology like wireless transmission. Still, the thought that the technology of virtual banking is quickly changing the once-sheltered business of banking is enough to "make some bankers shudder."

(Toronto Globe and Mail; November 21, 1995)

Calendar of Events


19-20 Dec, UKUUG Winter Conference, York, UK


10-12 Jan, EurOpen Security Workshop, London, UK (UKUUG)

15-17 Jan, EurOpen Security Workshop, Copenhagen, Denmark (DKUUG)

22-26 Jan, USENIX Winter Conference, San Diego, USA

29-30 Jan EurOpen Publishing on the Internet Seminar, Zurich, Switzerland (ch/open)

31 Jan-1 Feb EurOpen Publishing on the Internet Seminar, Stockholm, Sweden (EurOpen.SE)

13-17 May 5th UNIX System Administration, Networking, And Security Symposium (SANS V), Washington, DC, USA

17-21 Jun, 2ND Conference On Object-oriented Technologies And Systems (COOTS), Toronto, Canada

10-13 Jul, 4th TCL/TK Workshop (TCL/TK 96), Monterey, California, USA

22-25 Jul, 6th USENIX Security Symposium, San Jose, California, USA

13-17 Sep, 10th USENIX Systems Administration Conference (LISA '96), Chicago, Illinois, USA

29 Oct-1 Nov, 2nd USENIX Symposium On Operating Systems Design And Implementation (OSDI II), Seattle, Washington, USA

Acronyms for 1995

French UNIX User Group
Advanced Research Projects Agency
American Standard Code for Information Interchange
Bulletin Board Service
Because It's Time NETwork
Compact Disk-Read Only Memory
Common Desktop Environment
Security Checker System from Purdue University
Central Processing Unit
Digital Equipment Corporation
Danish UNIX User Group
European Academic and Research Network
European Networking Backbone
European Currency Unit
European Union
Swedish UNIX User Group
File Transfer Protocol
Graphical User Interface
International Business Machines
Information and Communication Technology
Internet Protocol
International Standards Organisation
Internet Security Scanner
Local Area Network
Large Installation System Administration
16-bit microcomputer manufactured by DEC
Local (UNIX) User Group
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Network File System
Network Information System
Personal Computer
System Administrators' Guild
DEC's Firewall Consultancy Service
Special Interest Group
SOCK-et-S (Firewall Proxy Host)
Small UNIX Users Systems Group
Tool Control Language
See Tcl and Tk
See TCP and IP
Transmission Control Protocol
TriTeal Enterprise Desktop
Internet Remote Login
Trusted Information Systems (Firewall toolkit)
Toolkit for the X Window System
Change Control Software from Purdue University
Wide Area Information Server
Wide Area Network
World Wide Web
XINU Is Not UNIX, an operating system for LSI-11s
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